How I Treat You Depends on Whether You Are Above or Below Me? Conceptualizing and Measuring Kiss-Up-Kick-Down Behaviors in Organizations
During your career, you probably already have come across a leader who only treated those people well who might help them to get ahead in the organization, and at the same time this leader was not so nice toward people who were below him or her in the hierarchy. Yet, despite the widespread recognition of this phenomenon in the daily life of everyone who is working, this phenomenon is currently under-theorized. We formally define the behavioral configuration of abusing lower-level subordinates and flattering higher-level supervisors as “Kiss-Up-Kick-Down” (KUKD) leadership. In our talk, we elaborate on the theoretical foundation of this phenomenon and present work-in-progress on the development of a scale to measure KUKD behaviors in organisations.